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2018浙江提前招生英语模拟试题

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时间:2018-05-25

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单选题 (本大题共20小题,每小题____分,共____分。)

1. —people should use public transportation more than private cars.

—________. the traffic is always so heavy.

a. exactly

b. i’m afraid not

c. it depends

d. that’s all right

2. beijing has been _____ host city of 2022 winter olympics, bringing _____ great surprise to chinese again.

a. a, a

b. the, the

c. a, /

d. the, /

3. what really counts is not the _____ of life but the depth of life.

a. weight

b. height

c. width

d. length

4. words have power that _____ by few things in the world.

a. matches

b. are matched

c. is matched

d. have matched

5. —why are your red cherries so expensive?

—you see, the price of fruit always varies _____ the seasons.

a. from

b. with

c. in

d. by

6. a law can’t be _____ for anyone, even for those in power.

a. turned

b. bent

c. beaten

d. meant

7. —is there any power left in your cell phone? mine is dying.

—oh, sorry! there ibaiduwenkus _____ left in my cell phone, either.

a. anything

b. no one

c. none

d. nothing

8. everyone in the world has a dream, a passion in their life _____ urges them to move forward.

a. that

b. where

c. what

d. in which

9. as the price of housing _____ these years, shanghai ranks 7th among the world’s top ten cities of price growing.

a. grows

b. was growing

c. has been growing

d. has grown

10. —how do you find your first visit to your net friend jane?

—oh, wonderful! her warm welcome left me completely _____.

a. at easbaiduwenkue

b. under attack

c. beyond doubt

d. in tears

11. people tend to think that if you want to achieve something big, you’ll have to _____.

a. make sense

b. give way

c. take risks

d. lose face

12. children acquire language more quickly than adults, simply by learning it _____—they listen, copy, and communicate.

a. fluently

b. naturally

c. carefully

d. particularly

13. some parents gave their children overtime homework on sundaysbaiduwenku when they ____ themselves.

a. must have relaxed

b. can’t have relaxed

c. needn’t have relaxed

d. should have relaxed

14. a win-win solution to a problem is _____ allows everyone to feel good.

a. what

b. that

c. which

d. how

15. the company is planning to hire a new manager to _____ the old one’s position.

a. take on

b. take up

c. take in

d. take over

16. twenty scientists were reported _____the top prize at the 2015 state science and technology awards in beijing on january 9th, 2016.

a. to award

b. to be awarded

c. to have been awarded

d. to have awarded

17. the temperature fell to -6℃ in most part of zhejiang last month, which shows that it _____ be freezing cold in southern china sometimes.

a. can

b. shall

c. may

d. will

18. a strong cold current hit south china in january, 2016, leading to most schools _____ for the sake of safety.

a. broke up

b. breaking up

c. broken up

d. break up

19. sam loves teaching. seeing his students succeed is very _____, he says.

a. promising

b. rewarding

c. surprising

d. challenging

20. —i failed in the maths exam.—that’s one of those things. ________.

a. practice makes perfect

b. think it more and do it again

c. just look on the bright side

d. drop it and try other subjects

完型填空 (本大题共20小题,每小题____分,共____分。)

i felt like a good mother on that summer morning. i’d ________up early, made a picnic lunch,________my three-and five-year-old daughters into the car, driven to my friend’s house, packed her and her ________into the car, and driven the hour and a half to the shore where we ____ our towels on the sands by 10 a.m.soon the girls began running. about 50 yards from us, a man, maybe ________his late 50s, was fishing. the girls stood next to him and watched with their mouths open ____ he cast the lines. he smiled at them. they all ran back to us except my three-year-old drew, who, ____, just seated herself next to the white bucket where the man was ____ planning to put the fish he caught.however, suddenly a________ came to my mind. is it dangerous for drew to stay there with the stranger? good moms should also teach daughters that the world is dangerous. then, i watched them like there was a hidden ____ in the lifeguard chair filming the man as america’s most wanted. every few minutes, i looked to my five-year-old to make sure she hadn’t been ________out to sea, then back to drew to make sure there was no ________between her and the stranger.when i looked at drew again, she had started ____ with the man. she was probably telling him where we lived and how her father was away on________. he nodded. she kept talking. he nodded again, then they laughed. a few seconds later, she ran back to us, with a toy fish in her hand. it must have been something ________he used for bait(饵). the three other girls were ____, so they didn’t try to____ how eager they were to have one.just when i was at a loss, there he was: the man, standing right next to us. he was holding three more toy fish. he handed them to each of the girls. by their ____, i realized that he was____ a warm-hearted man, meaning no harm at all.“thank you”, i said, realizing that yes, there is evil in tbaiduwenkuhis world…but there is also good, and________in strangers, and lessons for mothers to learn that only three-year-olds could teach them.

21. a. settled b. woken c. risen d. turned

22. a. combined b. loaded c. divided d. gathered

23. a. daughters b. sons c. nieces d. nephews

24. a. expanded b. covered c. spread d. increased

25. a. in b. on c. at d. of

26. a. while b. as c. though d. if

27. a. otherwise b. therefore c. instead d. besides

28. a. reasonably b. hard ly c. merely d. probably

29. a. feeling b. warning c. greeting d. saying

30. a. recorder b. radio c. camera d. computer

31. a. swept b. left c. dropped d. worn

32. a. treatment b. contact c. agreement d. link

33. a. quarreling b. arguing c. debating d. chatting

34. a. vacation b. business c. leave d. show

35. a. what b. which c. that d. where

36. a. moved b. disappointed c. frightened d. interested

37. a. hide b. tell c. express d. explain

38. a. faces b. fingers c. arms d. tongues

39. a. usually b. specially c. actually d. finally

40. a. care b. devotion c. faith d. kindness

阅读理解 (本大题共小题,每小题____分,共____分。)

i never make resolutions (important decisions made on important occasions). every december 31st, at the stroke of midnight, my mind usually wanders from the resolution-making task and is more concerned with why i am not at a fantastic party, wearing an evening dress, and talking to a gentleman.

i mean, will all of my photos consist of new year’s eves, one after another, with me in my sweater, eating leftovers? all i want is one, just one, fantastic picture to hang on my wall so all the world can see what an exciting and enviable life i lead. is that too much to ask?

one year, all of this depressing thought got me to think a lot. why did i feel the pressure to have a perfect new year eve? why did i care? probably the same reason i felt like i should be settled in a career and married with three kids already. throughout most of my life, i had been far from the normal; somehow, i still felt it necessary to make apologies.

but why? where was this desperate need to please coming from? i had travelled the world, owned my own business, bought my first house, and started fulfilling my dream of writing, all before the age of 25. so what did i have to apologize for? well, as previously stated, i was still single and unsettled about my career, which for a woman of my age was not considered “the normal”.

then, suddenly, as i was about to celebrate the new year by doing some laundry, an insight shone down from the heavens. it was a lightning of realization. for my first resolution, i was going to decide not to care. not to care about anyone else’s expectation but my own and to make no apologies for it. after all, i had gone wherever the road had taken me, and it had taken me to a lot of fantastic places, places i would have never been able to go if i had “settled down” already. not to mention, i had probably be starring in desperate housewives.

and as far as my career went, being unsettled was just being honest. i couldn’t change who i was just because i didn’t fit into the social norm. at least i wasn’t going to watch my life go by as i punched the clock at a job i hated. just to climb an uninteresting ladder for a higher position? no, thanks! if i didn’t try out my options, i would never discover my passions. and don’t we all want to do something we feel crazy about?

of course, there were all great thoughts, but actually combining them into my everyday thinking process would be a whole other story…so, was i able to rise to the challenge of my first resolution?

well, let’s just say that i have made the choice to be okay. okay with my singlehood and my ever-changing career path, and okay that others might not be okay with it. i think that is the most important. and every new year’s eve, i make sure to clear my schedule, dress up in my ugliest sweater, eat some delicious leftovers and relaxed with my cat. then as i tune in to watch the rest of the world create a perfect new year’s eve, i glance at the photos on my own wall and think, “what a beautiful year it has been!”

41. according to paragraph 2, the writer expects to ______.

a. make an important decision on new year’s day

b. refuse a fantastic party with evening dress

c. hang a photo of her own on the wall

d. lead an exciting and enviable life

42. according to the text, ______ was once a great concern for the writer.

a. failing to travel around the world on her own

b. being still single and uncertain about career

c. starting to fulfill her dream of writing successfully

d. getting married to a man with three kids[

43. based on the passagbaiduwenkue, what would most probably be the writer’s final resolution?

a. to learn to ignore other’s expectation

b. to make up her mind to apologize

c. to manage to get the photo taken

d. to decide to be a social norm firmly

44. the last two paragraphs implies that challenging as the goal is, the writer will______.

a. have no difficulty in realizing it

b. be likely to give it up half-way

c. never give in to the difficulties

d. be helped by god unexpectedly

45. which of the following can bestbaiduwenku describe the writer’s character?

a. life is a journey. travel it well.

b. the limitless pursuit of perfection.

c. ask for more. obey your thirst.

d. follow your own course.

this coming year promises to be an exciting one for technology and science. there is already a line-up of great new gadget(小玩意). we have chosen four for you.

baiduwenkuno. 1 the air board 1.0 is a fantastic new way to get around. if you are tired of walking, or just want to get somewhere at a relaxed pace, then the air board 1.0 is for you. the board works when you step onto the pressure pads. these can read the weight and the movement of the rider. if you want to turn, all you have to do is move your weight to the left or right and the board will do the rest. it is very quick and easy. according to the official website, the power will last for about ten miles(16 km). it can travel at the speed of 10 miles an hour and it takes one hour to be fully charged.

baiduwenkuno. 2 do you enjoy using herbs and spices(香料) when cooking? then this little gadget, inspired by nasa space technology, might be for you. it makes sure that you always have fresh and well-grown herbs or plants when and where you need them. the click & grow is designed to be small and efficient so it can fit on your countertop(厨房操作台). it is self-watering, it checks itself and it albaiduwenkuso has a led grown light that makes sure the plants grow fast, strong, and healthy. for those interested, to use this gadget, all you need to do is place the plant box in, fill it up with water and plug it in. simple, right? so instead of digging through the garden mud for your herbs, why don’t you make them in the control of your own kitchen?

baiduwenkuno. 3 the miito gadget is perfect for all homes, and especially those who like to care for the environment. miito has been called “the kettle of the future” by the gadget flow platform for its futuristic ideas and design. the miito kettle is designed to heat up the water in any container. for example, if you need a cup of water, you would fill the cup with the right amount of water and place it onto the kettle. after placing the rod into the water, the rod would heat up and so would the water. though it can’t heat anything made of iron, the miito’s design and unique method of heating don’t only save water. they also save electricity.

baiduwenkuno. 4 have you ever wished you could walk through the worlds of your games, seeing things as your characters would? well now, you can. the rift released by oculus vr is the latest and greatest in gaming technology so far. designed by american palmer luckey, 23, this clever head set allows you to see the worlds of your games in 3-d. although you might need to upgrade your computer to get the full gaming experience with the rift, it’s the next step in virtual reality and it’s improving the way we can play games. alongside the oculus headset, the teams are working on creating a controller named oculus. the oculus rift has been designed so that players can’t only see, but also play in, 3-d worlds.

46. it will take you ______ to get to your school (2.5 miles away) on a fully-charged air board 1.0.

a. 8 minutes

b. 10 minutes

c. 15 minutes

d. 12 minutes

47. no. 2 can be sorted as a ______ gadget.

a. transportation

b. gardening

c. cooking

d. gaming

48. according to the passage, which of the following statements is true?

a. all the four gadgets have to be operated by hand.

b. miito, a kettle made of iron, can save electricity

c. the clever head set, the rift, has been named after its designer.

d. the rift is one of the popular gaming products by oculus vr.

49. where is the text most probably from?

a. a science report

b. a travel journal c. a scientific story

c. an experiment report

in february, 2015, a south korean woman was sleeping on the floor when her robot vacuum(吸尘器) ate her hair, forcing her to call for emergency help. it surely isn’t what stephen hawking warned us that intelligent devices “mean the end of the human race”. but baiduwenkuit does highlight one of the unexpected dangers of inviting robots into our home.

there are many examples of intelligent technology going bad, but more often than not, they involve cheating rather than physical danger.

meanwhile, increasing evidence suggests that we , especially children, tend to tell our deepest, darkest secrets to human robots. so how do we protect ourselves from giving-away code?

once you’ve invited a robot into your home, you need to manage your expectations. movies and marketing may have told us to expect deep interaction with robots friends but we’ve still got a long way to go before they are as socially aware as described. given the gulf between expectation and reality, it’s important to avoid being tricked.

the message is clear: as robots became increasingly connected to the internet, and able to respond to natural language, you need to especially cautious about figuring out who or what you are talking about.

we also need to think about how information is being stored and shared when it comes to robots that can record our every move. some recording devices may have been designed for entertainment but can easily be adapted for more dangerous purposes. take nixie, the wearable camera that can fly off your wrist at a moment’s notice and take shots around you in the air. it doesn’t take much imagination to see how such technology could be taken advantage of.

most people protect their secrets in the presence of a recording device. but what happens once we get used to a robot around the house, answering every instruction and call? we may be at risk of letting our guard down, treating them as extended member of our family. if the technology around us is able to record and process speech, images and movement, or listen secretly to us, what will happen to that information? where will it be stored? who will have access? if our internet history can be a mirror, these details could be worth their gold weight to advertisement company. if we grow accustomed to having trustworthy robots getting into our daily lives, our words and deeds could easily become over-exposed.

so, what is the safest way to welcome robots into our homes, public spaces, and social lives? we should be cautiously optimistic that intelligent machines could become enriching companions, while acknowledging that we need to determine strict boundaries for robots.

we might think of expanding the reach of consumer protection agencies or creating new robot-centered policies. advances in robots may call for a ____ responsible for the combination of robots with society. there should be someone to turn to should your robot commit a crime, steal your card… or try to eat your hair.

50. the hair-eating story in paragraph 1 is intended to _______.

a. show the poor quality of the product

b. warn us to keep far away from vacuum

c. introduce the topic of the discussion

d. appeal to us to take pity on the victim

51. according to the writer, it is wise to ________.

a. tell our deepest, darkest secrets to human robots straightly

b. have deep interaction with robots friends eagerly

c. make robots more socially aware than they are described

d. manage our expectations and adjust our trust towards robots

52. the last two paragraphs are mainly about _______.

a. some reasons why we should be careful with robots

b. some background information of the writer’s conclusion

c. some measures to be taken to deal with the problem

d. some conclusion drawn from a series of experiments

53. the underlined word ____ in last paragraph is closest in meaning to _______.

a. institute

b. community

c. society

d. company

54. the writer’s attitude to our over-trusting robots can best be described as ______.

a. positive

b. objective

c. pessimistic

d. critical

and then i made it. the pencil moved. i moved it up on to its point, and it balanced there in the air, just as if some magical hand was around it, which, in a sense, it was.

“my god!” eggy gasped. i wanted to “tell” her, “don’t worry, eggy, don’t be afraid”, but i had no thoughts to spare. everything of me was concentrated on that pencil, on holding it upright in the air, and on making the pencil moving towards the paper.

eggy remained in her chair, just waiting, waiting to see.

she didn’t scream, she didn’t run, she didn’t shout for mum and dad, she just sat there, watching as the pencil began to move towards the paper. and as it did, she said, “harry? harry? is it you?”

i moved the pencil to the paper, and i made it write the word: “yes.”

she didn’t turn. she kept her eyes fixed on the pencil and the paper.

“harry,” she said. “i am so sorry, harry, i’m so sorry for what i said to you. i’ve thought about it ever since, every second of every day.____ harry. i wish i could turn the clock back. i am so sorry, harry. i am.”

and i made the pencil write:“ i know. i’m sorry, too, eggy.”

the writing was like my writing when i was alive, only it was faint(unclear) and long and thin, like the legs of a spider. i didn’t have the mental strength somehow to put much pressure on the pencil. just, making the pencil write and keeping it in the air was taking all the strength i had, and i didn’t know how whether i could hold it for much longer. i already felt exhausted, as if there wasn’t much me left.

i thought at the pencil, as hard as i ever could. and, you know, making that pencil move across the paper was the most difficult thing i’d done in my entire life.

“forgive me, eggy.” i wrote.

for a moment, she didn’t say anything, she just sat, staring at the words on the paper, but then she swallowed hard and said, “of course i forgbaiduwenkuive you, harry. of course i do. forgive me, too. forgive me too, harry. you know i didn’t mean it, don’t you? i was angry. i said a stupid thing. forgive me, harry. i love you.”

my strength had almost gone. i tried to force the pencil over the paper, to make it write down what i want to say. i tried, i really did try.

“i love you, too, eg—”

and then the pencil fell before i could finish her name, and i couldn’t write any more.

“harry, are you still there?” she turned and looked around the corner.

“harry?”

and of course i was still there, but all my strength had gone. and there was no more that i could say to the living. and little use in them saying anything to me. and i felt that it was time for me to go now.

to go, and never to come back.

but i felt at peace at last. sad and sorry, but at peace. i’d made up with eggy, and that made me feel as if a great weight had been lifted from me. and i remembered our headmaster, mr. hallent, had said one year ago, “_______,” meaning that you should never go to sleep still hating someone, especially someone you loved, because one of you might not wake up in the morning. if so, you’d stuck with a whole big plateful of unfinished business, just like me.

55. the pencil stayed in the air because ______.

a. it was balanced there by god

b. it was held there by harry

c. it was supported there by eggy

d. it was held there by a magician

56. in paragraph 4, eggy neither screamed nor ran away because______.

a. she was too frightened

b. her parents were staying with her

c. she was so curious

d. she tried to say something to harry

57. harry and eggy were both ______ with (at) what they had done.

a. content

b. sympathetic

c. apologetic

d. confused

58. which writing technique has not been adopted in the story?

a. repeating

b. concluding

c. arguing

d. describing

59. the word ____ in the underlined sentence can be replaced by ______.

a. make up for

b. make use of

c. get accustomed to

d. adapt myself to

60. which saying can be put in the blank to convey harry’s thought at the end of the story?

a. all the world is a stage, and you and i merely players.

b. all things will come round to him who will but wait.

c. never let the sun go down with anger in your heart.

d. never judge somebody from his appearance.

简答题(综合题) (本大题共1小题,每小题____分,共____分。)

if you love listening to music, you’re in good company. charles darwin once remarked, “if i had my life to live over again, i would have made a rule to read some poetry and listen to some music at least once every week.” recent research shows that listening to music improves our mental well-being and boosts our physical health in surprising and astonishing ways. here are some amazing scientifically-proven benefits of being hooked on music.

61. __________ research at georgia tech university showed that softening the light and music while people ate led them to consume fewer calories and enjoy their meals more. if you’re looking for ways to curb your appetite, try dimming the lights and listening to soft music the next time you sit down for a meal.

62. __________ over 30% of americans suffer from insomnia. a study showed that students who listened to relaxing classical music for 45 minutes before turning in slept significantly better than students who listened to an audiobook or did nothing different from their normal routine.if you’re having trouble sleeping, try listening to a little bach or mozart before bedtime to catch some zs.

63. __________ research proves that when you listen to music you like, your brain releases dopamine, a “feel-good” neurotransmitter. valorie salimpoor, a neuroscientist at mcgill university, injected eight music-lovers with a radioactive substance that binds to dopamine receptors after they listened to their favorite music. a pet scan showed that large amounts of dopamine were released, which biologically caused the participants to feel emotions like happiness, excitement, and joy. so the next time you need an emotional boost, listen to your favourite tunes for 15 minutes. that’s all it takes to get a natural high!

64. __________ more than 350 million people suffer from depression around the world. a whopping 90% of them also experience insomnia. the sleep research above found that symptoms of depression decreased significantly in the group that listened to classical music before bedtime, but not in the other two groups. another study by hans joachim trappe in germany also demonstrated that music can benefit patients with depressive symptoms, depending on the type of music. meditative sounds and classical music lifted people up, but techno and heavy metal brought people down even more. the next time you feel low, put on some classical or meditative music to lift your spirits.

65. __________ listening to music you enjoy decreases levels of the stress hormone cortisol in your body, which counteracts the effects of chronic stress. this is an important finding since stress causes 60% of all our illnesses and disease. one study showed that if people actively participated in making music by playing various percussion instruments and singing, their immune system was boosted even more than if they passively listened. to stay calm and healthy during a stressful day, turn on the radio. be sure to sing along and tap your feet to the beat to get the maximum healing benefit.

61.a. music helps you eat less

b. music helps develop intelligence

c. music helps you sleep better

d. music reduces depression

e. music makes you happier

f. music lowers stress and improves health

62. a. music helps you eat less

b. music helps develop intelligence

c. music helps you sleep better

d. music reduces depression

e. music makes you happier

f. music lowers stress and improves health

63. a. music helps you eat less

b. music helps develop intelligence

c. music helps you sleep better

d. music reduces depression

e. music makes you happier

f. music lowers stress and improves health

64. a music helps you eat less

b. music helps develop intelligence

c. music helps you sleep better

d. music reduces depression

e. music makes you happier

f. music lowers stress and improves health

65.a. music helps you eat less

b. music helps develop intelligence

c. music helps you sleep better

d. music reduces depression

e. music makes you happier

f. music lowers stress and improves health

书面表达 (本大题共____分。)

66.书面表达 假如你是张华,你班要推选出一名班长,请你向班主任老师用英语写一封120个词左右的信,推荐李越。要求:以具体事例说明你的推荐理由。注意:信件中不得以任何形式透露地区、baiduwenku学校、同学姓名等真实信息。否则,按考试作弊行为认定。dear sir,

i’d like to recommend li yue as our monitor. ________________

yours, zhang hua

答案

单选题

a d d c b b c a c a c b d a d c a b b c

完型填空

b d a c a  b c d b c  a b d b c  d a a c d

阅读理解

d b a c d   c b d a   c d c a d   b d c c a  c

简答题

a c e d f

书面表达

i’d like to recommend li yue as our monitor. intelligent and diligent, he is one of the top students in our class. however, the reason why i recommend him is that he is responsible and always willing to help others. the other day, while going to school, i happened to see an old lady getting across the street with difficulty. suddenly, a familiar figure got into my sight. it was li yue who walked the old lady safely to the other side of the street. small act as it was, it impressed me a lot. heroes are not necessarily those who save the world, but those who help others around them. too many examples can account for my recommendation. he is a born image of a qualified .monitor. i hope that you’ll take my advice into counts

解析

单选题

本题考查了exactly的基本用法。根据题干分析,此处选择一个赞同上文的用语,句意:人们应该多乘坐公共交通工具而不是私家车。交通总是那么繁忙。所以选择exactly,意思是“确实,的确如此。”。

本题考查了冠词的基本用法。根据题干分析,第一个空有后置定语修饰,句意:北京已经成为2022年冬奥会的举办城市,host city 有后置定语of 2022 winter olympics修饰,所以用不定冠词the。第二个空是抽象名词具体化,这里surprise是抽象名词,具体指代这件令人惊奇的事情,此时要加定冠词a

本题考查了名词length的基本用法。根据题干分析,主语从句指“真正有意义的是”,句意:生命不在于长度而是在于深度。所以填写length,“长度”。

本题考查了被动语态和定语从句的基本用法。根据题干分析,此处名词power是先行词,从句的谓语动词应该保持一致,用单数。句意:世界上很少有东西能和语言的力量相媲美,所以用is matched,被动语态,表示“相比”。

本题考查了with的基本用法。句意:你的红樱桃为什么那么贵?你知道,水果的价格随着季节各不相同。所以选择with,意思是“随着”。

本题考查了bent的基本用法。句意:法律不会向任何人弯腰,即使是那些有权力的人。所以用bent,过去分词,表示“被弯曲”的意思。

本题考查了none的基本用法。根据题干分析,此处none指的是前文提到的词power ,句意:你的手机还有电吗?我的马上要没电了。啊,抱歉!我的手机也没电了。所以填写none指的是前文提到的词power电。

本题考查了定语从句的基本用法。根据题干分析,此处先行词是a passion,在定语从句中作主语,所以可以用that或者which。

句意:世界上每一个都有梦想,在生活中有促使他们前行的热情。

句意:由于这些年房价持续增长,上海在世界房价增长前十名的城市中名列第七。has been growing 是现在完成进行时,表示从过去持续到现在,而且现在还在增长。

本题考查词汇的意思。句意为:你第一次去看望网友珍妮感觉怎么样?棒极了!她热情的招待使我感到宾至如归。at easbaiduwenkue指 “感到轻松,放松”,其他选项均不符合意思。

本题考查词汇的意思。句意为:人们容易这样认为,如果你想成就大事,你就不得不冒险。意思像成语:不入虎穴,焉得虎子。take risks是“冒险”的意思。

本题考查词汇的意思。句意为:孩子们获取语言的能力比大人快,他们自然地学,通过听,模仿,交流。naturally 自然地,根据上下文意思可得。

本题考查情态动词的用法:must have done 对过去事实的肯定推测;can’t have done对过去事实的否定推测 ;needn’t have done 本没必要做却做了;should have done本应该做却没有做。 句意为:一些父母给了孩子过多作业,在他们本该休息放松的周末。根据句意,should have relaxed 本该放松却没有放松。

本题考查表语从句的基本用法。本句表语从句部分是_____ allows everyone to feel good.从句中缺少主语的成分,用what。本句意思:问题的双赢解决方案是让每个人感觉不错。

本题考查动词短语辨析。本句意思:公司计划聘用一位新经理来接管旧的职位。take over意思是“接管”。

本题考查动词不定式的基本用法,to do 表示将来要做的事情,表主动, to be done 表示将要做的事情,表被动;to have been done 是不定式的完成式被动; to have done 是不定式完成式。本句意思:2016年1月9日报导,二十位科学家被授予2015年国家科技奖。

to have been awarded是不定式的完成式被动,表示科学家被颁奖,且在报导前已经被颁奖了。

can可以表示“有时会,一时会”,本句意思:上个月浙江大部分地区温度降到-6℃,这表明中国南方有时候也会达到零度以下。根据句意,用can。

本题考查非谓语动词。本句意思:2016年1月一股强冷气流到达中国南方,许多学校为安全考虑暂时停课。 lead to 意思是“导致,结果”,后面要加名词或者动名词。

promising 有前途的;rewarding 有回报的, surprising 令人惊奇的,challenging 有挑战的。本句意思是:萨姆喜欢教学。看到他的学生成功是最大回报,他说。所以选择rewarding, 有回报的

practice makes perfect 实践出真知; think it more and do it again 反思然后再做;just look on the bright side 多看阳光的一面;drop it and try other subjects 放弃它去尝试其他的功课。本句意思是:我数学考试失败了。那只是一件小事。根据句子意思,应该说just look on the bright side 多看阳光的一面。劝慰对方的话。

完型填空

此题是上下文语境题。由本句和下文early, made a picnic lunch可知,此处提到的是 woken,醒得早。所以选择b选项。

此题是上下文语境题。由本句和下文____ my three-and five-year-old daughters into the car,可知,此处提到的是 gathered,把三岁女儿和五岁女儿放到车里。所以选择选项d。

此题是上下文语境题。由本句和上文 my three-and five-year-old daughters into the car,以及下文 soon the girls began running.可知,此处提到的是 daughters,所以选择选项a

此题是动词词义的考查。由下文____ our towels on the sands可知,是把浴巾铺开,spread 有“铺平,展开,延展”的意思。

此题是介词搭配的考查。由下文____ his late 50s,可知,是“在他五十多岁的时候”,in his late 50s 有“五十多岁”的意思。

此题是上下文语境题。由上文they all ran back to us except my three-year-old drew以及下文who, ____, just seated herself next to the white bucket可知,此处提到的是“他们都跑回来了,除了三岁的露,所以选择选项c,instead“相反,代替”

此题是上下文语境题。由下文the man was ____ planning to put the fish he caught.可知,此处提到的是“他可能打算----”,所以选择选项d probably“可能,或许”

此题是上下文语境题。由下文is it dangerous for drew to stay there with the stranger? good moms should also teach daughters that the world is dangerous.可知,此处提到的“妈妈担心有危险”,所以选择选项b warning“警告”

此题是上下文语境题。由i watched them like there was a hidden ____ in the lifeguard chair filming the man可知,此处提到“我观察他们,像有一个隐藏的相机”,尤其是下文filming“录制,拍摄”所以选择选项c ,camera“相机”。下文联系错误。

此题是上下文语境题。由then back to drew to make sure there was no ____ between her and the stranger.可知,此处提到“我担心她和陌生人有接触”,尤其是上文good moms should also teach daughters that the world is dangerous.所以选择选项b,contact“联系,接触”。

此题是上下文语境题。由下文she was probably telling him where we lived and how her father was away on ____. he nodded. she kept talking. he nodded again, then they laughed.可知,此处提到“她们正在聊天,所以选择选项d ,chatting“聊天”

此题是词语搭配考查。由下文her father was away on ____.可知,是“她父亲在外地做生意”,on business有“忙业务,做生意”的意思。从上下文it must have been something ____ he used for bait.可知,本句考查定语从句的关系代词用法,现行词something 在从句中做宾语,所以用that。

此题是上下文语境题。由上文the three other girls were ____, 和下文how eager they were to have one.可知,此处提到“她们渴望,好奇”,所以选择d

此题是上下文语境题。由上文the three other girls were ____, 和下文they did’nt try to _______how eager they were ---可知,此处提到“她们感兴趣,无法隐藏好奇心”,所以选择a “隐藏”

此题是上下文语境题。由上下文可知,此处意思是“通过她们脸上表情”,所以选择a

此题是上下文语境题。由下文____ a warm-hearted man, meaning no harm at all.可知,此处提到“他实际上是一个热心,没有恶意的人。”上文作者对陌生人心存警戒防备之心,这里所以选择c, actually“实际上,事实上”。

此题是上下文语境题。由上文“thank you”, i said,可知,此处提到“作者心存感激。”,这里所以选择d, kindness 感谢陌生人的“善良,热心,热情”

阅读理解

事实细节题。根据文章第二段“all i want is one, just one, fantastic picture to hang on my wall so all the world can see what an exciting and enviable life i lead”可知,作者想过一种精彩的令人羡慕的生活。所以选择d

事实细节题。根据文章第三段why did i feel the pressure to have a perfect new year eve? why did i care? probably the same reason i felt like i should be settled in a career and married with three kids already. throughout most of my life, i had been far from the normal;可知,作者曾经最有压力的是,没有稳定的工作,没有结婚。所以选择b

事实细节题。根据文章第五段it was a lightning of realization. for my first resolution, i was going to decide not to care. not to care about anyone else’s expectation but my own and to make no apologies for it.;可知,作者决定不在乎别人的眼光不在意别人的看法。所以选择a最后两段表明,无论目标多么有挑战性,作者决不会向困难屈服。作者是什么性格,需要通读全文,把握文意。最后一段let’s just say that i have made the choice to be okay.全段通读,最能体现作者的性格,跟着自己的内心走,不去在意别人的眼光和评价,走自己的路。

事实细节题。根据文章no.1中it can travel at the speed of 10 miles an hour and it takes one hour to be fully charged可知,一小时十英里,所以2.5英里只需要四分之一小时,即十五分钟。所以选择c.

事实细节题。根据文章no.2中it albaiduwenkuso has a led grown light that makes sure the plants grow fast, strong, and healthy.可知,确保植物长得好。所以选择b.

事实细节题。根据文章no.4中the rift released by oculus vr is the latest and greatest in gaming technology so far.可知, the rift是最大的最新的。所以选择d。

通过全文理解,文章介绍了四个高科技产品,所以是一篇科技报告。

第一段介绍的故事目的是为了引出下文,介绍本文真正要讨论的话题。

事实细节题。根据文章倒数第二段中we should be cautiously optimistic that intelligent machines could become enriching companions, while acknowledging that we need to determine strict boundaries for robots.可知, 我们不要盲目乐观,要确定机器人的严格界定。所以选择d。文章最后两段主要讲述的是要采取措施解决问题。所以c选项正确。

根据本句话advances in robots may call for a ____ responsible for the combination of robots with society. 是呼吁一个负责任的机构。institute 机构,组织,最符合接近意思。

positive 积极的 ;objective 反对的, pessimistic 悲观的, critical批评的。作者对于过度信任机器人的态度是批评的。所以选d.

事实细节题。根据文章中and as it did, she said, “harry? harry? is it you?”----i moved the pencil to the paper, and i made it write the word: “yes.”可知harry让铅笔停留在空中不倒 。所以选择b。

事实细节题。根据第四段可知,eggy既不尖叫也不跑,是想和harry说话 。所以选择d。

事实细节题。根据上文“harry,” she said. “i am so sorry, harry, i’m so sorry for what i said to you.和下文“forgive me, eggy.” i wrote.可知,eggy和harry都很抱歉。所以选择c.

这个故事中作者没有用哪个写作计巧?repeating重复;concluding 下结论,arguing论证,describing描述。由于本文讲述了一个故事,没有用到论证。所以选c.通过后文harry. i wish i could turn the clock back. i am so sorry,可知,希望时钟能够倒转,她很抱歉。make up for 是“弥补”的意思。

通过后文you should never go to sleep still hating someone, especially someone you loved, because one of you might not wake up in the morning.可知,睡觉时永远不要怀着憎恨之心。c选项中不要等太阳落山心里依然有愤怒,最符合文章意思。

简答题

本文是有关音乐的话题。根据后文的细节可知,音乐可以让人们吃得少。此处选择a选项。

此句是本段的主题句。下文说音乐能够帮助我们有很好的睡眠,此处选择a选项。

此句是本段的主题句。下文说音乐能够使我们快乐,此处选择e选项。

此句是本段的主题句。下文说音乐能够减缓压力,此处选择d选项。

此句是本段的主题句。下文说音乐能够减缓压力,增进健康,此处选择f选项。

书面表达

本题考查推荐班长这一话题,属于推荐信体裁的文章,根据材料中提供的要点信息,可以写成三段或者四短的书信样式的文章。学生可联系生活给出例子,理由充分就可,内容不限制。


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